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Published on Jun 8, 2009
Friday-21-December-2012: The significance of this date in Mayanism stems from the ending of the current baktun cycle of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar in 2012. Speculation about this date can be traced to The Maya by Michael D. Coe, originally published in 1966, in which he suggested the date of December 24, 2011 (later revised to December 23, 2012) would mark the end of civilization: There is a suggestion . . . that Armageddon would overtake the degenerate peoples of the world and all creation on the final day of the thirteenth [baktun]. Thus our present universe [would] be annihilated on December 23, 2012, when the Great Cycle of the Long Count reaches completion. Other academic scholars of Maya civilization have disputed the apocalyptic interpretation of the Long Count calendar end-date, insisting that it simply marks a resetting of the calendar to Baktun 18.104.22.168.0, rather as the units and tens columns of a car's odometer reset to zero each time a hundred miles are completed. They also argue that the Long Count calendar does not end on 22.214.171.124.0. Scholars such as Linda Schele and David Freidel cite the Mayan inscription Coba Stela 1, which features the date 126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.184.108.40.206.220.127.116.11.18.104.22.168.0.0.0.0. In Mayan mythology, this date represents the age of the previous world at its ending and the beginning of the current one, which corresponds to the Western date 11 August 3114 BC. Because the Mayan calendar is cyclical, the above dating will also, of necessity, mark the end of the present Long Count cycle and the beginning of the next. With each column equal to twenty times its predecessor, this date lies some 41,341,049,999,999,999,999,999,994,879 years in the future, or 3 quintillion times the scientifically accepted age of the universe. Only one Maya inscription, Tortuguero Monument 6, directly mentions the end of the 13th baktun, which corresponds to 2012. It has been defaced, though Mayan scholar David Stuart has attempted a partial translation: Tzuhtz-(a)j-oom u(y)-uxlajuun pik (ta) Chan Ajaw ux(-te') Uniiw. Uht-oom ... Y-em(al) ... Bolon Yookte' K'uh ta ... The Thirteenth 'Bak'tun" will be finished (on) Four Ajaw, the Third of Uniiw (K'ank'in). ... will occur. (It will be) the descent(?) of the Nine Support(?) God(s) to the...