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Published on Aug 27, 2014
August 28 marks the anniversary of the 1995 mortar attack on the Markale open-air market in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. There were two attacks on the market, the first on 5 February 1994, which resulted in around 200 injured or killed, and a second on 28 August 1995, which claimed over 100 victims.
This was one of the most horrendous incidents during the wartime siege of the city. A police officer who investigated the incident and testified at the ICTY described what he saw as the “last deepest circle of Dante’s hell.”
The majority of those wounded or killed were civilians who were shopping in the market when the Army of Republika Srpska carried out the shelling.
The Tribunal has established that these massacres were part of a campaign of sniping and shelling with the primary purpose of spreading terror among the civilian population of the city.
On 24 March 2016, Trial Chamber III convicted Radovan Karadžić, former President of Republika Srpska, for the Markale market massacres and other crimes. His case is now under appeal before the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals.
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