HSG 48





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Published on May 13, 2012

For more info go to: http://www.nfps.info/NFPS-BTEC-Level-...

HSG 48 and Physical Intervention / Restraint

Over the last 30 years, we have learned a lot about the origins of human failure. As a result, we can now formerly challenge, within a structured Health and Safety Executive investigation model (HSG 48), the commonly held belief that incidents and accidents are simply and solely the result of 'human error' by the worker themselves.

Sadly however, attributing the blame for the accident as 'human error' has for many years been 'convenient' for many organisations and also many training providers. Why? - Simply because they can provide unsafe systems of work or inadequate training and then just blame any failing on the individual member of staff, with statements such as: "If you had applied the technique properly it would have worked".

Latent failures are made by people whose tasks are removed in time and space from operational activities, as opposed to 'active failures' that are usually made by front line staff. Examples of the types of people involved in latent failures therefore could be: trainers, decision makers and managers and typically involve failures in health and safety management systems (design, implementation, monitoring and supervision).

In terms of physical intervention, an 'active failure' could be a member of staff who failed to implement a technique properly, which resulted in a service user or another member of staff being injured or killed. Latent failures however, that underpin the active failure, could be that the technique had a high degree of failure built in and was therefore highly unlikely to work in such situations; the staff were poorly trained and given incorrect information and instruction; and the company policy is legally flawed and has created uncertainty in what the staff can or cannot do when using physical intervention. These latent failures can result in staff operating from a position of fear and anxiety, as opposed to being operationally competent, which in turn increase the margin for error by creating an opportunity for an active failure to occur.

According to HSG 48: "Latent failures provide as great, if not a greater, potential for danger to health and safety as active failures. Latent failures are usually hidden within an organisation until they are triggered by an event likely to have serious consequences".

In virtually every case, if a proper investigation is carried out, these latent failures are uncovered that will probably admonish the individual of any blame for the error and place the failing at the feet of the organisational management systems that have contributed to the failure.

In designing our courses, we have looked deeply into our responsibility in preparing individuals for what they are being trained to do, we have looked at the foreseeable human errors that could occur as a result of latent failings and then either eliminated them or reduced the likelihood of them occurring, which is what good health and safety risk management requires.

For more information on our training course go to: www.nfps.info

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