O jane walay re Thehro zara ruk jao
Singer: Noor Jehan
Music: Khawaja Khurshid Anwar
Lyric by Qateel Shifa
او جانے والے رے ٹھہرو ذرا رُک جاؤ لوٹ آؤ
Khwaja Khurshid Anwar (21 March 1912 - 30 October 1984) was a renowned film-maker, writer, director and music composer who gained extreme popularity both in India and Pakistan. He is widely credited as being one of the most original and inventive music directors of his generation.
Khwaja Khurshid Anwar (Urdu: خواجہ خورشید انور) was born on 21 March, 1912 in Mianwali (now in Pakistan) where his maternal grandfather Khan Bahadur Dr.Sheikh Atta Mohammad held the post of civil surgeon. His father Khawaja Ferozuddin Ahmad was a well-known Barrister in Lahore. The ace jurist had a love for music so much so that he had a huge collection of gramophone records of Indian classical and neo-classical music and his precocious son had an unhindered access to them all. Moreover, in the weekly soirees of music which were held in the lawyer's house, renowned masters used to perform, and it was here that the young Khurshid Anwar developed a taste for classical music. Viewing Khrshid Anwar's keen interest Khansahib Tawakkal Hussain took him under his tutleage in 1934.
Khurshid Anwar was also a brilliant student at Government College, Lahore, the renowned seat of learning. Having topped in the Masters in Philosophy(1935),he appeared in the examination for Indian Civil service (ICS )
but due to his political and anti-Raj activities, the colonial masters would not let him share power
Career in India
He therefore joined All-India Radio in 1939 as Programme Producer/Music. It was from here that he acceded to the requests of A. R. Kardar, the renowned film producer,to join Bombay filmdom as Music direcor. He made his debut as a music director in Kardar's Punjabi venture "Kudmai" (1941]. His first Hindi film was "Ishara"(1943]. The film gained much popularity from its songs which included "Panghat pe muraliya baje" by Suraiya, "Shabnam kyon neer bahaye" by Gauhar Sultan, and "Dil deke dagha nahin dena" by Vatsala Kumathekar. Some of his other Hindi films were Parakh (1944, with Saraswati Devi), Yateem (1945, with K. Dutta), Aaj Aur Kal (1947), Pagdandi(1947), and Parwaana (1947) which was the last movie in which K. L. Saigal acted and sang. For "Singaar" (1949) he got the Clare Award for Best Music Director. His later films "Nishaana "(1950) and "Neelam Pari" (1952) added new feathers to his cap. He remained an inspiration to many later day music directors in both India and Pakistan. For many years, Roshan was a disciple of his, as was Shankar of Shankar Jaikishan. He was regularly praised by his contemporary Naushad, who considered him to be one of the finest composers in the subcontinent..
Career in Pakistan
Khurshid Anwar migrated to Pakistan in 1952. It was in fact his arrival in a newly-independent land where the nation was in search of its expressions in arts especially in music. And it was here in 1956 that Khurshid Anwar gave Pakistani film music its identity through his magnum opus "Intezar". The film also gave a new lease of life to Noor Jehan, his lead singer for the years to come. After, Intezar", Khurshid Anwar continued with his stylistic creations in films such as "Mirza Sahiban (1956), "Zehre Ishq" (1958), " Jhoomer (1959), "Koel" (1959), "Ayyaz (1961) , "Ghunghat (1962) , " Haveli (1964)' "Chingari "(1964), "Sarhad (1966) , "Hamraz (1967) , "Guddo "(1970) ,"Heer Ranjha (1970),"Salam E Mohabat" (1971), " Parai Aag "(1971) "Shireen Farhad "(1975), "Haider Ali" (1979), and "Mirza Jat"(1982).
Khurshid Anwar was also a gifted Writer and film Director:
Filmography as a Writer : Hamraz(1967) : Story,Screenplay and Dialogue, Chingari(1964): Story and Screenplay, Ghunghat(1962): Story and Screenplay, Jhoomer (1959): Story and Screenplay, Zehr-E-Ishq(1958)Story and Screenplay, Intezar (1956): Story and Screenplay.
Filmography as a Director: Hamraz (1967) Chingari (1964) Ghoonghat (1962).
Filmography as a Producer: Hamraz (1967) (co-producer) Chingari (1964) (co-producer) Ghunghat (1962) (co-producer) Jhoomer (1959) (producer) Zehr E Ishq (1958) (co-producer) Intezar (1956) (co-producer)
Death and legacy
Khurshid Anwar died on 30 October, 1984 in Lahore after a protracted illness. In recognition of his contribution in enrichment film music, the Bombay film industry awarded him the coveted Mortal-Men-Immortal-melodies Award (1983).
He has also been praised for his efforts to keep alive Classical music not only through his compositions but also through his unique collection of classical performances recorded by EMI Pakistan, known as Raag Mala. Each piece has a short introduction by Khurshid Anwar and aptly demonstrates his love for music. In recognition of his services for the cause of music, he was awarded the ceveted 'Sitara-e-Imtiaz' by the Government of Pakistan in 1980.