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Rhino Sumatran White Black Indian largest hairy

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Published on Feb 20, 2010

Rhinoceros, often-abbreviated rhino, is a name used to group five species of odd-toed ungulates in the family rhinocerotidae. Video shows the Sumatran White Black and Indian rhino.

Shows rhinos swimming, splashing, and vocalizing Also shows the rare Sumatran rhino, which has hair, and the huge horn of the white rhino.

A Sumatran Rhino recently made the news because she is pregnant. Her mate, Andalas, is the first of only 3 Sumatran rhinos born in captivity in 112 years.

Sumatran rhino numbers have decreased by more than 50 percent in the last 15 years. They are the rarest of the five existing rhino species. They have dwindled down to only 200 in the wild and 10 in captivity. Every individual counts; every pregnancy is momentous. This is an extremely rare animal.

It was under the guidance of Dr. Terri Roth, director of Cincinnati Zoo's Center for Conservation and research of Endangered Wildlife, that Andalas and two other rhinos were born.

Ratu, the mother, was born in the wild and wandered into a village. The villagers didnt know what whe was and thought she was an enormous hog.

*** The rhinoceros group is characterized by large size (it is one of the largest remaining megafauna alive today). All of the species able to reach one ton or more in weight. They have a thick protective skin and a large horn.

Three of the five species, the Javan, Sumatran and Black Rhinoceros, are critically endangered. The Indian Rhinoceros is endangered, with fewer than 2,700 individuals remaining in the wild. The White is "vulnerable," with approximately 17,500 remaining in the wild, as reported by the International Rhino Foundation.

Rhinos are prized for their horns. The horns are made of keratin, the same substance that makes up hair and fingernails. Both African and the Sumatran Rhinoceros have two horns, while the Indian and Javan Rhinoceros have a one horn. Rhinoceroses live to be about 60 years old or more.

Rhinos are related to horses and look like them. Some are unicorns with one horn

The White or Square-lipped Rhinoceros, Ceratotherium simum, is, after the elephant, the most massive remaining land animal in the world, along with the Indian Rhinoceros and the hippopotamus, which are of comparable size. Some subspecies of this are down to 4 individuals in the wild and some are extince with only a few in captivity. This Rhino has an immense body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. It can exceed 7,700 lb, have a head-and-body length of 15 ft and a shoulder height of nearly 7 ft. The record-sized White Rhinoceros was about 10,000 lb.

The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis, can be 13 feet in lingth and weight up to 4,000 lb.

The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, has thick, silver-brown skin which creates huge folds all over its body. Parts covered in wart-like bumps, and it has very little body hair.

The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis, has the most fur.

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