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Published on Jan 20, 2009
In June 1947, leaders of the Congress Party and the Muslim League agreed that India would be divided along religious lines. Disputes over certain parts of the subcontinent have continued beyond 1947. Control over the province of Kashmir, led to two conflicts between India and Pakistan. In 1971, another conflict broke out when India supported the secession of Bangladesh (East Pakistan) from Pakistan. For many people, particularly those from the Punjab, the social and economic disruption caused by the Partition drove them to leave the subcontinent for Britain. Some had family who served in the British Army and for others, earlier patterns of migration meant that they had relatives already living in Britain.
This film clip is from The Changing East India Part 2 and shows a map of India with population data, and various clips showing refugees displaced by the partition.
This clip is taken from the Imperial War Museum's new online exhibition - 'Through My Eyes: Stories of conflict, belonging and identity.' The site can be accessed on www.throughmyeyes.org.uk. Read this and other stories in full (Film copyright of IWM Ref: MGH_6251, all rights reserved).