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the stone age, prehistory

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Published on Jul 11, 2012

The Stone Age is the period roughly between 2,500,000 and 3,000 years before Christ., And its main feature is the human learning techniques for the development of hunting tools and stone tools. The Stone Age is divided into the following stages: Paleolithic or Old Age, or Mesolithic and Neolithic Ages or New Age. The Paleolithic is divided, in turn, in Lower, Middle and Upper. The Lower ranges between 2,500,000 and 100,000 years BC., And is characterized by nomadism itinerant man in search of food and water to ensure their survival. The first settlements were established in caves, shelters and river terraces. Human activity was based on the gathering, fishing and hunting in a predatory economy. The hominids evolved from homo habilis' to 'homo erectus', which achieves the final erguimiento human being. The Middle Paleolithic chronology has between 100,000 and 35,000 BC. At this stage, hominids evolved to homo neanderthalensis', with greater height and cranial capacity. The Neanderthal Mousterian culture developed, which allowed the development of stone tools, including development of bifaces, axes, scrapers, and spears. The Upper Paleolithic covers between 35,000 and 10,000 BC. Evolves humanization 'homo sapiens sapiens, higher cranial capacity and ease of learning new knowledge (wisdom). Man 'sapiens' stone tools to improve the development of javelins, spears and knives, and develops the rock art with hunting scenes and symbolic. The Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age spans between 10,000 and 5,000 BC. The end of glaciation favored the Earth's global warming, migration or disappearance of some large mammals and the adaptation of stone tools to the new nature (medium or small animal), with the production of microliths. In addition, the rock art was extended in the Iberian Peninsula from the Cantabrian coast to the east, where a proliferation of open-air performances. The Neolithic or New Stone Age is the period of prehistory from about the 5,000 and 3,000 BC. The Neolithic Revolution led to a sedentary lifestyle based on the human being with the emergence of the first villages and learning of agriculture, livestock, pottery and trade development. Therefore, the Neolithic man evolved from a predatory economy to a productive economy and trade. This stage of prehistory is the culmination of the Stone Age. Stone Age Prehistory Metal Age Mesolithic Neolithic Palaeolithic Man Australopithecus Groups primitive nomadic Neolithic revolution history

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