Holocaust Survivor Testimony: Nata Osmo Gattegno





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Published on Apr 4, 2012

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Nata Osmo Gattegno was born in 1923 on the island of Corfu, Greece. Her older brother Leone was born there, as were her three younger sisters, Yehudit, Irene, and Sarah Rahel.
The Italians occupied the island in 1941, and Nata, still in high school, joined the Red Cross. When the Germans occupied the island on 13 September 1943, Nata joined an underground organization. At first, she raised funds; afterwards she surreptitiously monitored radio broadcasts as a member of a five-person team that operated in a cellar under a German officers' club.
In this capacity, Nata was a news analyst. The organization members disseminated hand-printed leaflets in the street. In 1944 the underground informed them that the Germans had rounded up the Jews of Salonika, Athens, and Ioannina; Nata was ordered to inform the head of the community and the rabbi to take appropriate measures. They treated the reports with disbelief, convinced that the goyim merely wished to frighten them.
The order to deport the Jews of Corfu was received on 13 April, 1944. At this time, Nata, assisted by the EPON underground group, smuggled out her two sisters, who survived. By this time, her brother had died in Corfu.
She and the rest of her family, along with the others were deported by sea to Patras and thence to Athens and, by train, to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Although partisans had come to rescue Nata in Corfu, at the fort, and at every stop in Greece, she refused to abandon her parents. Her parents and the other members of her family who were deported to Auschwitz were killed there. Today, Nata lives with her husband Israel in Tel Aviv.

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