Rural Urban Framework - Urban Trend: Rural Migration





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Published on Oct 10, 2013

Rural Urban Framework
Hong Kong
Urban Trend: Rural Migration
Rural Migration, 2013
4 min., 47 sec.

Learn more about Rural Migration on 100urbantrends.org: http://www.bmwguggenheimlab.org/100ur...

This video was commissioned as part of Participatory City: 100 Urban Trends from the BMW Guggenheim Lab, on view at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum from October 11, 2013 - Jan 5, 2014. Learn more at http://www.guggenheim.org/100urbantrends.

Rural Urban Framework (RUF, rufwork.org) is a research and design collaborative based at the University of Hong Kong. It was founded in 2005 by Joshua Bolchover and John Lin as a nonprofit organization providing design services to charities and NGOs working in China.
RUF has built or is currently engaged in over 15 projects in various villages in China. The projects include schools, community centers, hospitals, village houses, bridges, and incremental planning strategies. As a result of this active engagement, RUF has been able to research the links between social, economic, and political processes and the physical transformation of each village.

RUF's work has been exhibited at MAK Vienna (2013) and in the Venice Biennale (2010). Publications include Vitamin Green (Phaidon, 2012), Moderators of Change: Architecture That Helps (Hatje Cantz, 2011), and the forthcoming Rural Urban Framework: Transforming the Chinese Countryside (Birkhauser, 2013), as well as contributions to international journals including Architectural Record, DOMUS, MARK, Architectural Review, and A+U. RUF projects have received numerous international awards, including the WA Chinese Architecture Award (2012), the Architectural Review's House Award (2012), and high commendations in the AR Emerging Architect Award (2009, 2010, 2012).

Bolchover and Lin are currently assistant professors at the University of Hong Kong and have taught and lectured at numerous academic institutions, including the Chinese University of Hong Kong; the Bartlett, University College London; Cambridge University; and the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen.

"Rural Migration" refers to rural villagers who move to urban areas in search of work. In cities in China, these migrants often live in dense urban villages that have emerged as a direct result of the difference in policy over land-use rights between urban land and rural land. As migrants send their earned money home, urban villages and rural villages become more interconnected. The influx of economy is deposited into a process of house construction whereby the rural village begins to resemble the urban village. Bigger houses are status symbols, displaying the new wealth earned from employment in the cities. The rural village gradually becomes denser, even though the population steadily declines as rural migrants are drawn to the city.

Rural Migration (2013) presents the co-evolution of the urban and rural village and their condition of interdependency, showcasing a series of built and hypothetical design projects that engage with public space and public programs that acknowledge the increasing synergy between the rural and urban, while working toward authentic contemporary identities for each.


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