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Ir + a + Infinitive: Basic future in Spanish

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Uploaded on Jan 27, 2012

Show Notes: Hola y bienvenidos a Norton's Spanish Basic. One of the verbs we learn early on in Spanish is ir. Even people that claim to not know any Spanish often know the words vamos and vámonos -- both forms of the verb Ir. The Spanish verb ir means to go. Many first year students will hesitate on how to conjugate this verb because the conjugations don't look anything like the infinitive. However, we can use the forms of ir to talk not only about going places but also about future happenings.

By the end of this lesson you should be able to write sentences to describe events or actions that will take place in the future.

We have more than one way to discuss future events in English. That means that there is more than one way to do future conjugations. Take a look at these two examples:

I will study today.
I am going to study today.

You can see that their meanings are similar and vary just slightly. The first example is a future tense that we call the simple future. It is typically studied in Spanish 3 or the end of Spanish 2. We're going to be looking at the second one, "I am going to study today". Going, of course, comes from the English infinitive verb to got. This is where we start using that ir that was mentioned earlier. Before we start doing these structures with ir, let's do a quick review of how ir conjugates:

VERB: IR -- To go
Yo
VOY
Nosotros
VAMOS

VAS
Vosotros
VÁIS
Él
VA
Ellos
VAN
Ella
VA
Ellas
VAN
Usted (Ud.)
VA
Ustedes (Uds.)
VAN

So to say "Yo voy" you would be saying "I go". Now let's consider that applied to our English sentence above:

I am going to study tonight.
I am going = Yo voy, to study = estudiar, today = hoy.

Now that's almost all we need. The only thing missing is the letter a. When we connect voy with estudiar, we do so with the letter a. The structure of ir + a + infinitive is what we use when we are going to talk about events or actions that are going to take place.

Yo voy a estudiar hoy.

Read the following sentences out loud one time in Spanish. Then listen to the sentence one time. Continue reading the sentence aloud until you can read it comfortably (no jerky hesitations). Once you are comfortable with reading it, go through the sentence in English and make sure that you understand what you are saying. Once you are sure of the meaning, read it one more time in Spanish. This will help your mind to make the connection between Spanish and the meaning of the sentence.

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