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Basílica de la Virgen de los Angeles (Cartago Costa Rica)

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Published on Sep 9, 2007

La Basílica de Los Ángeles es un templo católico de la ciudad de Cartago, Costa Rica. Se encuentra en el lugar donde, según la tradición, una mulata del barrio marginal conocido como Puebla de los Pardos encontró en 1635 una imagen de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles, a la cual pronto se atribuyeron numerosos milagros. En el sitio se construyó una ermita, a la cual sustituyeron después templos de mayor solidez y capacidad, especialmente el edificado en 1675. Fue erigido en basílica durante el episcopado de Monseñor Anselmo Llorente y Lafuente.
El terremoto del 4 de mayo de 1910 arruinó el templo, que fue reemplazado pocos años después por otro de considerables dimensiones, de estilo bizantino. Es uno de los principales centros de peregrinación religiosa de Costa Rica, especialmente con motivo de la festividad de la Virgen de los Ángeles, que se celebra el 2 de agosto.

Basílica de Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles (Our Lady of the Angels Basilica), a basilica in Costa Rica, located in the city of Cartago and dedicated to the Virgen de los Pardos, officially known as la Virgen de los Ángeles (the Lady of the Angels). The basilica was built in 1639 and was partially destroyed by an earthquake. The basilica has since been restored and constitutes a unique mix of colonial architecture as well as 19th century Byzantine style.
The Basilica of Our Lady of the Angels is dedicated to the Virgin of Nuestra Señora de los Angeles, a small representation of the Virgin Mary carrying the infant Jesus, said to have been discovered by a peasant girl in Cartago. The story goes that the little girl found the small statue on a rock and took it home. The next morning she found that the statue was not there but back at the rock, so she took it to the priest and he locked it in a small box. The next morning the statue was back a the rock. During the construction, the church was destroyed by earthquakes many times so they finally decided to move it to the location were the statue was found and they were able to finish construction. Many people think that the earthquakes were signs that the Lady of Los Angeles wanted the basilica built there.
Due to the dark complexion of the stone, she is sometimes affectionately called "La Negrita" or "Reina de Cartago" (lit. Queen of Cartago). The original statue is kept in a golden shell inside the basilica. In an official decree declared the Virgin of the Angels the official patron of Costa Rica. The Basilica is the object of extensive pilgrimage and visitation by about 1.5 million believers throughout the country, many of whom join in the celebrated 22 kilometer walk to the basilica during the romería, though people can start the pilgrimage from anywhere they want. At the basilica they wash themselves or even drink the water from were the rock on which the statue was found. Scientisits have found this water to be safe to drink since even though there is no filtration nor chemicals used to purify the water.
(wikipedia)
08.2007
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