This is the Permafunnel, showing installation and the guided water flow. Permafunnel is a food grade plastic funnel that is inserted into the spout of hand pumps. It was designed for the India Mark II hand pump but can be used on any hand pump. The Permafunnel greatly reduces water wastage (from 30% + to a teaspoon per jerry can) by guiding the chaotic water flow from hand pumps into a nice guided stream. It also reduces the contamination of clean water between the hand pump and the household. Water entering collection containers doesn't come in contact with the end of the spout, nor is a dirty, old cut down plastic bottle required. Permafunnel can be retrofitted to any hand pump in a few minutes and fitted to new hand pumps prior to installation. The Permafunnel is a must for all hand pumps!