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Québec History 23 - Métis North-West Resistance

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Uploaded on Aug 3, 2009

Québec History 23 - Métis North West Rebellion

The North-West Rebellion or North-West Resistance of 1885 was a brief and unsuccessful uprising by the Métis people of the District of Saskatchewan under Louis Riel against Canada, which they believed had failed to address their concerns for the survival of their people. Despite some early victories at Duck Lake, Fish Creek and Cut Knife, the rebellion resulted in the destruction of numerous Métis and allied Aboriginal forces, and Louis Riel was hanged. Tensions between Québec and British Canada increased for some time..

The first resistance was the Red River Rebellion of 1869-1870. The provisional government established by Riel declared Manitoba a independant Métis republic. Riel was forced into exile in the United States as a result of the execution of Thomas Scott during the rebellion. Despite this, he is frequently referred to as the "Father of Manitoba". While a fugitive, he was elected three times to the Canadian House of Commons, although he never assumed his seat. During these years, he was frustrated by having to remain in exile despite his growing belief that he was a divinely chosen leader and prophet, a belief which would later resurface and influence his actions. He married in 1881 while in exile in Montana, and fathered two children.

Louis Riel returned to what is now the province of Saskatchewan to represent the Métis Nation grievances to the Canadian government. This resistance escalated into a military confrontation known as the North-West Rebellion of 1885.

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