As one of the most populous countries in the world, India faces an energy crisis. Daily energy demands often exceed local production capacity. Solutions to this challenge may be found in the development of wind, solar, biomass, hydropower and nuclear energy. These sustainable sources of energy may gradually replace energy derived form hydrocarbons. Future energy resources in India are discussed by both scientific experts and ordinary citizens. As an ancient civilization that has overcome countless challenges, the energy solutions adopted in India are an example of how other countries can meet their future energy needs.