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Published on Jun 13, 2011
Sarah Zaman, Urdu VOA News, Washington
Environmental degradation due to human activities as well as a change in the intensity and patterns of seasons due to both human and natural causes also pose a great challenge to the production and availability of and access to food. Dr. Brian Greenberg is the Director of Sustainable Development at InterAction in DC, the largest network of American NGOs working around the world. He says loss of soil fertility due to deforestation and agricultural stress on land are affecting productivity today. He says industrial and agricultural pollutants are also increasing ocean acidity and temperature causing a change in the patterns and amount of rain that countries like Pakistan rely on food agricultural planning (INT). Dr. Paul Dorosh of the International Food Policy Research Inst. says that soil erosion and salinity are one of the biggest challenges to agriculture in Pakistan today. However, he says condition regarding environment and food security has not reached a critical stage yet, mainly due to an effective irrigation system but maintaining that and improving Pakistan's capacity to reserve water is very important for future safety against environmental changes (INT). Both experts say that Pakistan and many other developing countries need to take a cue from China, Bangladesh, Brazil etc. where in some parts of the country, govt. and local communities are taking steps to protect their lands from environmental degradation.