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Published on Jul 5, 2012
Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement that originated with a group of Paris-based artists. Their independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s, in spite of harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satiric review published in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari.
Impressionist painting characteristics include
Relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes Open composition Emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time) Common, ordinary subject matter Inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience Unusual visual angles The development of Impressionism in the visual arts was soon followed by analogous styles in other media that became known as Impressionist music and Impressionist literature.
Impressionism is a 19th century artistic movement. In 1874, a group of artists called the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers, etc. organized an exhibition in Paris that started the movement called Impressionism. The main man was Claude Monet. The first impressionistic exhibit had critical reviews from arts critics. Cezanne and Monet received the harshest reviews by art critic Louis Leroy. Le Charivari newspaper published the art critic's review and used the word "Impressionist" from Claude Monet's painting entitled Impression Sunrise (Impression, Soleil Levant) to derisively describe the artists whose works he considered as being no more than unfinished sketches. He scathingly wrote: Impression—I was certain of it. I was just telling myself that, since I was impressed, there had to be some impression in it ... and what freedom, what ease of workmanship! Wallpaper in its embryonic state is more finished than that seascape.
Little that Leroy knew that by bashing Claude Monet's Impression, Sunrise (Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris)- he would gave the Impressionist movement its name. Remember Leroy accused it of being a sketch or "impression," not a finished painting. haha! In your face leroy!
btw In addition to their radical technique, the bright colors of Impressionist canvases were shocking for eyes accustomed to the more sober colors of Academic painting. Impressionism, French Impressionnisme, a major movement, first in painting and later in music, that developed chiefly in France during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.