The Kurds have been the main endangered people during the Gulf War in 1991. Between Iraq and Turkey, a hunt began to erase any trace of this population from their housings using deportations, chemical weapons and tortures.
Living mainly in the South East of Turkey and North of Iraq, Kurds became the first targets of their residence countries. With a population of 4 million in North Iraq, Kurds have always claimed their wish for an autonomous country. In order to restrain separatist assumptions, Saddam Hussein led a campaign to remove Kurdish populations at any costs which conducted to more than 70 bombed villages and thousands of people dead. The silence and the non-intervention of the international community drove survivors to run away to Turkey where the same sort of atrocities was directed against them. These oppressions took them to create an independent army force called PKK in charge of defending their claimed lands spread over Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria: Kurdistan. After the Gulf War and due to the economical and political situations in that region in the 90's, 'Autonomy within the states in which they live' says D. Bradshaw, Middle-East Specialist.
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