Like a mutual fund, an ETF represents a mix of underlying securities. Unlike a mutual fund, an ETF is traded on the stock market, meaning investors can purchase shares of an ETF to buy and sell at will throughout the day. The most popular ETFs are index ETFs, which track a market index, sector, or commodity (like gold). The value of an ETF increases or decreases in tandem with the index or security selection it tracks. ETFs enable the diversification of mutual funds but cost less to own, and are becoming increasingly popular.
To reduce your risk, you should invest in more than just one stock. But it can be time consuming to research many stocks to invest in. ETFs can solve this problem for you. An ETF is a basket of tens, hundreds and sometimes thousands of companies, bonds and commodities in one fund unified under one particular investment theme.
Maybe you think Tech is booming, but you don’t want to invest in just one company. Or, maybe you would like to have exposure to some foreign investments. There is an ETF for virtually any segment of the market.