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UPR process EN

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Published on Jul 3, 2012

"The Universal Periodic Review is a unique mechanism of the United Nations. This mechanism aims at improving the human rights situation in each of the 193 UN Member States.

The UPR is a full-circle process comprising 3 key stages:

First, the Review, in Geneva, of the human rights situation of the State under review

Second, the implementation between two reviews in the country of those recommendations by the state under review

Third, the assessment at the next review on the implementation of those recommendations and on the human rights situation in the country since the previous review.

Three main documents are used to conduct the review of the State:
- A national report written by the State under Review. In this context, the State must conducts a national consultation with the civil society in order to assess the human rights situation;
- A compilation by the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights of information from treaty bodies, special procedures and UN agencies;
- A summary by the Office of the High Commissioner of information received from national institutions and NGOs.

The review in Geneva consists of 3 moments:

First, the State is reviewed during 3,5h in a Working Group by other States. Those States make recommendations that is suggestions on how to improve the human rights situation. The outcome of this Working Group is a draft report containing those recommendations.

Second, this draft report is adopted by the Working group a few days after the review.

Third, this draft report is adopted again but by the human rights council this time a few months later.

The UPR is a universal process in several ways. First of all, as we have seen, it reviews all States in the world. But it is also universal in the sense that it concerns all human rights from civil and political rights to economic, social and cultural rights. Finally, it concerns everyone. States are reviewed by States but the civil society, national institutions, the media and the citizen have a great role to play in it.

To know more about the UPR, please visit www.upr-info.org"

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