Nippon Kendo Kata Refers to the Dai Nippon Teikoku Kendo Kata which were established in 1912 (Taisho 1) by the Dai Nippon Butoku-kai. These kata were created as an instructional measure to correct grip (te-no-uchi) problems arising from practicing with a shinai, loss of form, and the neglecting of the position of the blade (ha-suji) during a strike. Included are seven kata for tachi and three kata for ko-dachi (short sword). After the war (WWII), these kata were put into use under the name NIppon Kendo Kata. The NIppon Kendo Kata being used today are practiced and promoted based on the Nippon Kendo Kata Kaisetsu (explanation) which was prepared in 1981 (Showa 56) by the All Japan Kendo Federation.