Ancient Weapons used by Shivaji and the Marathas





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Published on May 20, 2011

a collection of conventional weapons as well as specialized assassination weapons used in the time period of mughals, shivaji maharaj and the marathas

Firang/Dhok:: Straight Sword...model similar to Shivaji's bhavani talwar, a combination of indian and european sword models...a variant of it is used by Indian Armed Forces in ceremonies

Bhaala: Standard Spear: instead of horse-archers like the mughals, and turks , maratha cavalry carried spears and swords, the spear was hurled at medium range during the initial charge and ensuing battle was carried out with swords...less weight, maximum range, fast attack...a part of Shivaji's Ganimi Kawa( Guerrilla Warfare) Strategy

(chupi shastra, hidden weapons)
Gupt Katyar/Bichua: Dagger: used like a wrist-knife..attached to foream(under sleeve) and pulled out at will, a close-quarters weapon popular among marathas, sikhs and rajputs

Khanjir: Knife: similar to army knife or bayonet

Standard Katyar: standard dagger/knife stab and twist motion..popular in Chanakya and Maurya Dynasty Era

Wagh-Nakh: Tiger-Claw: Brass knuckles with cutting edges or curved spikes as per variants..made popular by Shivaji Maharaj's slaying of Afzal Khan...requires strength and dexterity of wrists and forearms (detailed discussion of how shivaji killed afzal khan using waghnakh and katyar)

these gupta shashtras are indigenous to Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh in India

Daandpatta: Long Sword with cutting edges and loose base...alternately used as a last stand or medium-long range weapon in a sword-fight..requires strength of shoulders and arms..comes in many variants ( no. of blades, length of blade etc)....1 soldier wielding a daandpatta could secure around 25 sq feet of area...made popular by Baji Prabhu Deshpande and Sayyad Banda in Marathi/Mughal folklore..the goal of the weapon is to restrict the enemy to a particular area

Bothati: Practice/Training Weapons: (STICK) Used in training for stances, positions, exercises etc for various weapons..alternately can b used as a staff/stick/self-defense weapon...originally made of wrought iron, current variant is made of steel

Bothati/Indian version of Nunchucks:a self defense weapon popular among sadhus and peasants in ancient india...at times the iron balls on both ends were set on fire and used for ceremonial or presentation purposes

Kurhad: Axe: comes in many variants depending on type and position of the blade...a variant Parshu/Parshi( blade at lower position, thicker handle and a hook at the top) made popular by famed warrior-saint Parshuram and the Ramoshis...used as medium or long range weapon depending on size of blade and handle, may be used as throwing axe( if handle is of small-size)

courtesy Sandeep Khambete

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