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Published on May 20, 2007
John Eliot Gardiner conducts the English Baroque Soloists and the Monteverdi Choir. This performance was filmed at the Palau de la Musica Catalana, Barcelona in Dec. 1991.
A Requiem Mass in the Roman Catholic tradition is a service designed to pray for the souls of the departed. The parts of the liturgy that are meant to be sung are what constitute all Requiem Mass compositions, including Mozart's.
The structure is as follows: 1. Introit 2. Kyrie 3. Sequence: a. Dies irae b. Tuba mirum c. Rex tremendae d. Recordare e. Confutatis f. Lacrimosa 4. Offertory: a. Domine Jesu Christe b. Hostias 5. Sanctus 6. Benedictus 7. Agnus Dei 8. Lux Aeterna
Mozart died before finishing the Requiem Mass, and his wife Constanze gave the task of finishing the work to a pupil of Mozart's named Süssmayr. From the Sanctus onward, the Requiem is the creation of Süssmayr, though he did use portions of the Introit and Kyrie for the Lux Aeterna.
Despite, or maybe partially because of, the controversy surrounding this Requiem Mass, it is widely regarded as Mozart's greatest masterpiece.
Latin Lyrics and English translation follow:
CONFUTATIS Confutatis maledictis, When the damned are cast away Flammis acribus addictis, and consigned to the searing flames, Voca me cum benedictus. call me to be with the blessed. Oro supplex et acclinis, Bowed down in supplication I beseech Thee, Cor contritum quasi cinis: my heart as though ground to ashes: Gere curam mei finis. Help me in my final hour.
LACRIMOSA Lacrimosa dies illa, O this day full of tears, Qua resurget ex favilla. when from the ashes arises Iudicandus homo reus: guilty man to be judged: Huic ergo parce, Deus. O Lord, have mercy upon him! Pie Jesu Domine, Gentle Lord Jesus, Dona eis requiem. Amen. grant them eternal rest. Amen.