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Published on Feb 22, 2013
From 2002 to 2012, more than six million Afghans repatriated back to Afghanistan.
However, in recent years, with returnees facing harsh conditions upon their return to the Central Asian nation, Afghanistan suffers from a negative migration as more people leave the country than return.
Nassim Majidi, director of the Kabul-based Samuel Hall research consultancy, says "migration never stopped, even refugees who came back kept crossing borders for economic, social and cultural reasons."
Speaking to Al Jazeera from Kabul, Majidi said an "economic transition" following the foreign troop withdrawal in December 2014, will put "pressure" on urban centres, and that will cause many Afghans to seek economic and physical security elsewhere.