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Published on Jul 6, 2010
This is the recreation of George Washington's gristmill near Mt. Vernon, Virginia. The large wheel in the back is attached to the waterwheel and the gears transmit the energy of the falling water to the grindstones on the floor overhead.
Here's more from Wikipedia: "George Washington inherited Mount Vernon in 1754. In 1771, Washington erected a large stone gristmill on the plantation to replace a mill his father had built in the 1730s. The new mill was located three miles west of Mount Vernon on Dogue Run Creek. It was used to produce flour and cornmeal for the plantation as well as high quality flour for export to the West Indies, England, and continental Europe. Washington also built a house for the miller at the site as well as a cooperage to supply barrels for the mill, and later, the distillery operation. The mill was powered by a large water wheel. To ensure a steady power supply, water was diverted from Piney Branch into Dogue Run Creek above the mill's headrace. The additional water flow significantly increased the mill's production capacity. In 1791, Washington automated his mill using technology developed and patented by Oliver Evans of Delaware. Evans was personally acquainted with the mill and had repaired some of its works."
I understand this is the only Evan's mill that runs today.