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Insidermedicine In 60 - July 14, 2011

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Published on Jul 15, 2011

From Atlanta - Antiretroviral drugs are effective at preventing HIV infections, according to a report released by the CDC. Researchers gave 1200 sexually active African males either Truvada or placebo, finding that the antiretroviral medication reduced new HIV infections by 63%, and that those who took the drug regularly reduced new infections by 78%.

From Cleveland - Scientists have developed a novel breath test for H1N1 influenza, according to a report published in the Journal of Breath Research. Researchers gave 11 individuals a live attenuated H1N1 vaccination, and administered a breath test measuring the participants nitric oxide (a biomolecule previously linked to viral infections). Results showed a significant peak in NO levels in all individuals the third day after vaccination.

And finally, from California - ECGs in young athletes may not prevent sudden cardiac death, according to a report published in the Journal of Pediatrics. Researchers had 53 pediatric cardiologists examine 18 ECGs, 8 from healthy children and 10 from children with a heart condition that raises risk of sudden cardiac death. Results showed that the cardiologists had fairly low accuracy in assessing the ECGs, suggesting that routine screening in young athletes may be impractical

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