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National Anthem of Rhodesia (1965-1979) - "Rise, O Voices of Rhodesia"

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Published on Mar 8, 2015

ALTERNATIVE VERSION: https://youtu.be/sYyBTQjO_38
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"Rise, O Voices of Rhodesia" (or "Voices of Rhodesia") was the national anthem of the unrecognised state of Rhodesia (renamed Zimbabwe in 1980) between 1974 and 1979. The tune was that of "Ode to Joy", the Fourth Movement from Ludwig van Beethoven's Ninth Symphony, which had been adopted as the official European Anthem by the Council of Europe in 1972 (it remains Europe's anthem today). The music used in Rhodesia was an original sixteen-bar arrangement by Captain Ken MacDonald, the bandmaster of the Rhodesian African Rifles. A national competition was organised by the government to find an appropriate set of lyrics to match the chosen tune, and won by Mary Bloom, a South African-born woman living in Gwelo.

In the fallout from Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence from Britain on 11 November 1965, the country still claimed loyalty to Queen Elizabeth II as its professed head of state, and so retained "God Save the Queen" as its national anthem. With Rhodesia's reconstitution in 1970 as a republic, however, the royal anthem was dropped along with many other references to the monarchy. The Republic of Rhodesia lacked a national anthem until it adopted "Rise, O Voices of Rhodesia" in 1974. The national anthem lost its legal status in December 1979, when the UK took interim control of the country pending its internationally recognised independence as Zimbabwe five months later. Rhodesia's use of the well-known Beethoven tune has since caused the playing of "Ode to Joy" to be controversial in modern-day Zimbabwe.

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Rise O Voices of Rhodesia était l'hymne national de la République de Rhodésie de 1974 à 1979.

Officialisé le 26 août 1974, la mélodie reprenait « l'Ode à la joie » de Beethoven. Les paroles avaient été écrites par Mme Mary Bloom, native d'Afrique du Sud et résidente de Gwelo.

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Rise O Voices of Rhodesia war ab 1974 die offizielle Nationalhymne Rhodesiens. In den Jahren der internationalen Isolation infolge der einseitigen Unabhängigkeitserklärung vom Vereinigten Königreich 1965 wurde sie aufgenommen. Die Melodie ist die der 9. Sinfonie Beethovens, die auch vom Europarat, später von der Europäischen Union verwendet wurde. Der Text konnte sich in einer Landesweiten Ausschreibung durchsetzen und stammt von Mary Bloom, einer Südafrikanerin aus Gwelo. (2009 Gweru)

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