The last Wali Ahad (Crown Prince) of Swat State, was born May 28, 1928 in Saidu Sharif. He has served in the National Assembly of Pakistan as well as the Governor of Balochistan and later as Governor of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
Miangul Aurangzeb was the heir apparent Wali Ahad to his father, Miangul Jahan Zeb the last Wali of Swat State.
His wife, Begum Nasim Aurangzeb, was the d...aughter of Pakistan's first military dictator, General Ayub Khan, and accompanied her father on state visits since her mother kept purdah. His children are Ishrat Aurangzeb, who is married to Nawabzada Khwaja Amanullah Askari, son of Nawab Khwaja Hasan Askari the Nawab of Dhaka, Bangladesh see Dhaka Nawab Family, Fakhri Aurangzeb, who is married to Miangul Akbar Zeb (High Commissioner of Pakistan to Canada), son of Miangul Alam Zeb (brother of Miangul Aurangzeb), Crown Prince Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb, Miangul Mahmood Aurangzeb and Miangul Hassan Aurangzeb.
He received his initial schooling at Wadoodia High School, Saidu Sharif before moving to the Welham Boys' School and The Doon School in Dehradun. He then attended St Stephen's College Delhi.
Following the independence of Pakistan, Miangul Aurangzeb enrolled at the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul in 1948. he was commissioned into the Guides Cavalry (11 Cavalry FF) of the Frontier Force Regiment.
During his service in the Pakistan Army, he passed the Junior Officer's Course, the Advanced Infantry Course (Quetta) and the Junior Officer Leadership and Weapons Course (Nowshera). His achievements led to his selection as ADC (Aide de Camp) to the Army Commander in Chief General Ayub Khan.
In 1955, he married Ms. Nasim Ayub Khan, the daughter of General Ayub Khan, and also resigned his commission.
Miangul Aurangzeb represented Swat State in the West Pakistan Assembly from 1956 - May 1958, when he was nominated to the National Assembly of Pakistan.
After the imposition of Martial Law in 1958, all legislative bodies were dissolved, and civilian rule did not return until 1962. Miangul Aurangzeb was nominated to the National Assembly in 1962, and re-nominated in 1965.
After the resignation of President Ayub Khan in 1969, the Government of Pakistan under President Yahya Khan took over the administration of all the remaining princely states including Swat.
In 1970 the first ever one man one vote general elections were held in Pakistan, and marked a new chapter for the former ruling family of Swat. Miangul Aurangzeb was elected on a Muslim League platform, defeating a strong candidate of the National Awami Party.
He was reelected in the March 1977 general elections as a Pakistan National Alliance candidate (anti-Bhutto) despite widespread rigging by the rival Pakistan Peoples Party candidate.
Due to his opposition to the government of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Miangul Aurangzeb supported the military government of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, and from 1981 served as a member of the nominated Majlis i Shoora (Federal Council).
In March 1985 general elections were held on a non-party basis, and Miangul Aurangzeb was again elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan.
Following the tumultuous events of 1988, party based democracy returned to Pakistan and general elections were once again held in November 1988. Miangul Aurangzeb, contesting on from the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad platform was defeated by his cousin and son-in-law Shahzada Aman i Room, the candidate of the Pakistan Peoples Party.
Again in October 1990, Miangul Aurangzeb contesting as an independent candidate faced defeat, this time at the hands of his former allies, the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad.
However, he bounced back in the October 1993 general elections to regain his seat, and continued to hold it at the February 1997 general elections.
In April 1997, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif appointed him as Governor of Balochistan, and Miangul Aurangzeb resigned from the National Assembly. The subsequent by-election resulted in the victory of his son Engineer Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb.
In August 1999, Miangul Aurangzeb was appointed as the Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and served until the military takeover by General Pervez Musharraf on October 24, 1999.
Miangul Aurangzeb did not contest the 2002 general elections and has retired from electoral politics, passing the torch to the next generation of his family. He remains active in the leadership of the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz.
As a result of death threats from and loss of security in Swat to the Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi under Maulana Fazlullah Aurangzeb spent an extended period of time at his house in Islamabad. With the return of stability in the area Aurangzeb has resumed living at the family compound in Saidu Sharif.