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Henry VIII: Hampton Court, London (interiors & gardens)

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Published on May 1, 2011

The Tudor period (1514-1603, the Base Court):
Initially home to Cardinal Wolsey (1514-1529), the palace was given to King Henry VIII who extented it to accommodate his large partying court. All his six wives spent time at the palace: Catherine of Aragon (1509-1533, divorced); the famous Anne Boleyn (1533-1536, executed); the very young Jane Seymour (1536-1537, died in birth); the ugly Anne of Cleves (Jan-July 1540, divorced); the pretty catholic Kathryn Howard (1540-1542, executed); Katherine Parr (1543-1547, widowed). After Henry VIII's death, the palace housed his children in turn: King Edward VI, Queen Mary I and the great Queen Elisabeth I.

The Stuart period (1603-1714, the Clock Court):
The palace housed King James I (1603-1625); was a home and prison for King Charles I (1625-1649); a place to visit to King Charles II and his successor James II. The palace re-birth started in 1689 by King William III of Orange and his wife, Queen Mary II. They transformed it into the "English Versailles" with the help of the country's most eminent architect, Sir Christopher Wren.

The Georgian period (1714-1737, the Georgian apartments): King George I and his son George II undertook further refurbishment. Finally, restored and opened to the public by Queen Victoria.

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