الجمهورية اليمنية أو اليمن وهي تقع جنوب شبه الجزيرة العربية في جنوب غرب آسيا. يحدها من الشمال السعودية ومن الشرق عُمان. لها ساحل جنوبي على بحر العرب و ساحل غربي على البحر الأحمر.يشرف اليمن على مضيق باب المندب و لديه عدة جزر في البحر الأحمر و بحر العرب أهمها جزيرة سقطرة . كانت حتى عام 1990 تتشكل من دولتين عرفتا باسمي الجمهورية العربية اليمنية في الشمال وجمهورية اليمن الديمقراطية الشعبية في الجنوب
Land of the Queen of Sheba... where coffee
was discovered and its famous port of Moka
history of yemen
1200 BCE: Rich culture.
950-115 BCE: Kingdom of Sheba, whose riches were based upon caravan trade and agriculture with artificial watering.
Around 400: The Sabaean king of Yemen visits Yathrib in Arabia, and converts to Judaism. He makes it the state religion of Yemen.
7th century: Conversion into Islam, the region joins the Caliphate.
Sanaa sometimes spelled Sanaa or Sana'a) is the capital of Yemen and the centre of San'a' Governorate. San'a' is located at 15.354722Â°Â N 44.20667Â°Â E and has a population of 1,747,627 (2004 census).
San'a' lies in the heart of Yemeni highlands on a plateau at an altitude of 2200m surrounded by several mountains, notably Jabal Nuqum and Aiban. The city is around 320 km north of Aden.
San'a' is one of the ancient Yemeni cities dating back to the Sabaean dynasty of the 6th Century BC. The oldest written reference to its existence is found in inscriptions which date back to the 1st Century AD. It is suggested that San'a' was the capital of the Himyarite kingdom at the onset of the 6th Century AD.
When King Yousef Athar (or Dhu Nuwas), the last of the Himyarite kings, was in power, San'a' was also the capital of the Ethiopian viceroys, then after 570 of the Persians.
As of the dawn of Islam until the detachment of independent sub-states in many parts of Yemen Islamic Caliphate, San'a' persisted as the governing seat, who himself is Caliph's deputy in running the affairs of one of Yemen's Three Makhalifs: Mikhlaf San'a', Mikhlaf al-Janad and Mikhlaf Hadhramawt. The city of San'a' recurrently assumed an important status and all Yemenite States competed to control it.
The Mamelukes arrived in Yemen in AD 1517. Following the collapse of the Mamelukes in Egypt at the hands of the Ottoman Turks, Yemen fell under the Ottoman Rule and during the first Ottoman rule of Yemen between 1538-1635, San'a' became the capital of the Ottoman Vilayet and also during the Ottoman second rule 1872-1918. In 1918, San'a' was the capital of Imam Yahya, who ruled North Yemen. At the onset of the 1962 revolution which deposed the imamate rule, it became the capital of the Arab Republic of Yemen. It was then the capital of unified Yemen in 1990 where it is dubbed as the historical capital of Yemen.
The old, fortified city has been inhabited for more than 2500 years and contains a wealth of intact architectural gems. It was declared a World Heritage City by the United Nations in 1984. Efforts are underway to preserve some of the oldest buildings, some of which are over 400 years old. Surrounded by ancient clay walls which stand six to nine metres (20-30ft) high, the old city boasts over 100 mosques, 12 hammams (baths) and 6500 houses. Many of the houses look rather like ancient skyscrapers -- reaching several storeys high and topped with flat roofs, they are decorated with elaborate friezes and intricately carved windows.
One of the most popular attractions is Suq al-Milh (Salt Market), where it is possible to buy not only salt but also bread, spices, raisins, cotton, copper, pottery, silverware, antiques, and a host of other goods. The majestic seventh century al-Jami'a l-Kabir (The Great Mosque) is one of the oldest in the Muslim world. BÄb al-Yaman "Yemen Gate" is an iconized entry point through the city walls and is over 700 years old. (wikipedia)
yemen is a memeber of the arab and islamic league in thier office in jeddah ksa and cairo egypt.
Yemen is also one of the 200 countries of the un in nyc usa (more)
info: none of these pictures are mine but are taken from all over the net as well as the song