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Published on Mar 22, 2013
Louis Spohr: Wiegenlied (in drei Tönen) Op. 103 No. 4 Marilyn Horne, mezzo-soprano; Martin Katz, piano; clarinet: not announced. Spohr composed the melody of this Lied with only three tones: d, c and b-flat. He repeats a few words of the last line of each verse, lightly varying it for musical reasons. In contrast to the simple style of this "strophic Lied in folk style" is the radiant clarinet cantilena. Spohr's Op. 103 (Six German Lieder for voice, clarinet and piano) was composed in 1837. August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1798--1874) is the poet of many well-known Lieder. He was Professor of German philology and wrote in 1841 what later became the German national anthem: "Das Lied der Deutschen". In order to differentiate himself from other authors with the name Hoffmann, he added the name of his birthplace Fallersleben to his surname. His teachers were Jacob Grimm and Ernst Moritz von Arndt. His circle of friends included Adelbert von Chamisso, Ludwig Uhland and other poets of the time. Because of his liberal, democratic attitude, he was suspended as a professor and exiled from the country by the Prussian government. Hoffmann found himself continually on the run, to avoid threatening arrests. After the revolution Hoffmann could give up his forced wandering life in 1849. His friend Franz Liszt arranged employment for him as a librarian at the castle of the Duke of Ratibor (Silesia). Hoffmann's life was shaped by the fight both in speech and in writing for human rights, democracy and freedom of the press. See also: The first complete and critical Edition of Louis Spohr's LIEDER in 12 vols., edited by Prof. Susan Owen-Leinert and Michael Leinert with the Publisher Christoph Dohr, Cologne, Germany.