Clarissa Ryterband donated this collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum on July 9, 2007:
The accusation against Wladyslaw Szpilman of collaboration with the Germans is a simply a lie - says Ryszard Marek Gronski - literary director of the"Jewish Theatre of Warsaw" and reporter of the newspaper "Polityka ".
The son of the famous pianist, Andrzej Szpilman, sued the publisher "Wydawnictwo Literackie" and A. Tuszynska because of the lies contained in the book "The accused WieraGran" by Agata Tuszynska .
In his opinion, "this book libels his father Wladyslaw Szpilman,
claiming, he has collaborated with the Jewish police."
The accuser, Wiera Gran, Polish singer and actress, died in 2007.
These charges are absolutely absurd. - Similar accusations against Szpilman were never made at the time time, when many survivors from the Warsaw ghetto were still alive - said Ryszard Marek Gronski.
It is not true that Wiera Gran was a celebrity before the war.
She sang to a small audience, in Yiddish and not for the Polish audience in the cafe Paradis in Warsaw.
She has made very few recordings, which have never become popular before the war. It's a lie, when she says, that she organized work for Szpilman in the ghetto, because it was him, who was very famous before the war as a pianist of the Polish Radio and as a film composer.
Wiera Gran was charged with collaboration immediately after the war by Alef Bolkowiak who said that he "would never shake her hand", and similarly by Marek Edelman, head of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
Famous Marcel Reich-Ranicki, who was in the Warsaw ghetto writing music critics , speaks very well about Szpilman, as a person and as a great pianist. Wiera Gran's credibility is questioned by Irena Sendler, and many others.
The guest of the "Afternoon with the
Polish Radio"1 "(Popoludnie z Jedynka) M. Gronski,
cites from Mary Berg`s important Ghetto Diary from January 1945:
"On one of this carts I noticed our great pianist, Wladyslaw Szpilman. His appearance made me shudder. He was thin and exhausted, his suit hung like a bag, His sleeves were full of patches and his collar was torn. Slung over his arm was a bag with some bread. His eyes were hollowed out and he hardly seemed to breathe. He and his two assistants struggled for a long time with a grand piano which kept dropping back into the cart, ist strings twanging. Suddenly a German who had been watching ran out of the doorway and began to berate him. Szpilman tried to justifiy himself, and pointed to the piano`s heavy legs, but all he got for an answer was a slap in his face."
- "And this is supposed to portrait a Ghetto policeman"? asks Gronski
Tuszynska, experienced biographer, made an error, believing the story of Wiera Gran, a woman who suffered from paranoia, because of her failed career and life. Paranoid people believe their invented stories.
That is why we can not believe a mentally ill person,
who since 1978 said of herself, as "living under one roof with Alzheimer."
Mr Gronski thinks that it is not possible that a person like Wiera Gran, who believes in her absolute innocence, is accused of collaborating with the Germans by the dozens of people without reason. The charges against Szpilman never existed before, and his fate was published in Poland already in 1946 and never was questioned by any other person in any way.