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Great Việt History

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Published on Sep 16, 2008

Source: http://www.nomna.org/DVSKTT/dvsktt.ph...

Vietnam History
【大越史記全書】
Đại Việt Sử Ký Toàn Thư
Complete Annals of Đại Việt
Authors: Lê Văn Hưu, Ngô Sĩ Liên, and Phan Phu Tiên

Vietnamese people always call themselves VIET, not the English word: Vietnamese
Viet means "overpass," and Nam means "south."

In ancient times, the northern Han Chinese was always referred their south collectively people as the Viets.

Historical texts are often refer to the Hundred Yue tribes (Bách Việt).

The Great Việt Kingdom also called Lĩnh Nam (Lingnan), its territories included of modern-day Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan and northern Vietnam and its capital was situated in modern-day Guangzhou.

VIDEO DESCRIPTION

1. Shennong (0:29~0:36)

He taught ancient Chinese & Viet the practices of agriculture.

2. Bird of Viet (0:36~0:40)

Bird symbols found on Vietnamese Bronze Drum.

3. Viets found I-Ching (0:40~0:44)

Viets found I-Ching on Turtle Shell and shared their knowledge to Chinese.

4. Viets created Turtle Calendar (0:44~0:48)

The earliest Calendar of the world.

5. Dong Son Bronze Drum (0:48~0:51)

It is one of Viet famous drum.

6. Khoa Đẩu Script (0:51~0:55)

It is one of the earliest language in the world.

7. Viet magic cross-bow (0:55~1:00)

This Vietnamese crossbow can deliver thousands of arrows.

8. Emperpr Zhao Tuo (1:07~1:10)

Zhao Tuo considered as the first emperor of an United Viets.

9. Trưng Sisters conquered China (1:10~1:14)

Trưng Sisters repelled Chinese invasions for three years and then, successfully occupied (about 65) citadels from the Chinese, and had liberated Nanyue (Nam Việt) .

10. Lady Triệu's rebellion (1:14~1:18)

Lady Triệu resisted the Kingdom of Wu (CHINA).

11. Ngô Quyền/Battle of Bạch Đằng (1:18~1:23)

Ngô Quyền defeated the Chinese invaders and made an end of Chinese imperial domination in Vietnam. It took place at the Bach Dang River (938), near Halong Bay in northern Vietnam.

12. Lý Thường Kiệt conquered China (1:30~1:38)

Lý Thường Kiệt sent 100,000 troops to occupy The Song Dynasty.

13. Nam quốc sơn hà (1:38~1:42)

It means Mountains and rivers of Southern country. This poem is considered as the first Vietnamese Declaration of Independence.

14. Trần Hưng Đạo (1:42~1:46)

A first Vietnamese general who repelled multiple Mongol invasions.

15. Viet 3-times defeated Mongolia (1:46~1:50)

Trần Hưng Đạo commanded the Great Yue (Đại Việt) armies that repelled twice major Mongol invasions in the 13th century.

16. Lê Lợi battle against Ming (1:50~1:54)

Lê Lợi(黎利) killed 70,000 Ming(Chinese) soldiers at the battle of Hanoi and declared himself as an Emperor of Dai Viet (大越).

17. Nguyễn Trãi (阮廌) (1:54~1:58)

He is an author of the declaration of independence from the Ming (Bình Ngô đại cáo).

18. Lê Thánh Tông conquered Champa (2:02~2:06)

Lê Thánh Tông(黎聖宗) led a large and effective army against the Champa which succeeded in conquering the
Cham capital and ended the power of the Champa forever.

19. Battle against 200,000 Qing troops (2:06~2:10)

Emperor Quang Trung launched a surprise attack against the 200,000 Qing soldiers while they were celebrating the Lunar New Year festival of the year 1789.

20. Nguyễn conquered Cambodia (2:10~2~12)

Nguyễn Lords slowly conquered and occupied Chenla of the Sea. Chenla of the Land is known as Cambodia today.

21. French imperialism(1887-1954) (2:12~2:17)

France was defeated in The Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
Shortly after the battle, the war ended with the 1954 Geneva accords, under which France agreed to withdraw from its former Indochinese colonies.

22. Alexander created Chữ Quốc Ngữ (2:17~2:20)

Alexander de Rhodes created new Vietnamese writing system called Chữ Quốc Ngữ.

23. Vietnamese Civil War(1945-1975) (2:24~4:14)

Vietnam War began as a conflict between the United States-backed South Vietnamese government and its opponents, both the South Vietnamese-based communist National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) and the North Vietnamese Army (NVA)

24. Reunification of Vietnam, 1975 (4:14~4:37)

Thousands of North Vietnamese troops encircled Saigon. The Army of the Republic of South Vietnam had collapsed on all fronts. Thousand of refugees streamed southward, ahead of the North Vietnamese onslaugh.

ADDITIONAL HISTORY:

(1) The Sino-Vietnamese War was a short war fought in February-March 1979 between the People's Republic of
China and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

(2) Cambodian-Vietnamese War (December 31, 1977 -December 1989) Vietnamese invaded and subsequent occupied Cambodia and removed the Devil Khmer Rouge regime from power.

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