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Published on Aug 9, 2012
Anopheles, is a genus of mosquito. About 460 species are recognized; while over 100 can transmit human malaria, only 30--40 commonly transmit parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which cause malaria in humans in endemic areas. Anopheles gambiae is one of the best known, because of its predominant role in the transmission of the most dangerous malaria parasite species (to humans) -- Plasmodium falciparum. The CDC warns, however, that "Anopheles that can transmit malaria are found not only in malaria-endemic areas, but also in areas where malaria has been eliminated. The latter areas are thus constantly at risk of reintroduction of the disease.