Sudan Revisited, Dr. LMadu3





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Uploaded on May 18, 2007

Comments With Dr. James Haney Presents*Sudan Revisited with Dr. LMadu, President PanAfrica, and the United Nations reaction to this crisis, Part 3 of 3

January 9, 2010




Africa's largest country Sudan
seems on the verge of breaking up
as Southerners vote on Sunday,
January 9 on whether or not to
leave the North. They are widely

expected to vote for independence.
After decades of fighting in which
over 3 million lives have been lost,
the southerners have no choice but
to separate. They have been

thoroughly discriminated against,
treated as slaves in their own
country, and forced to accept Islam
as their religion. Most southerners
are black and Christian, while most
Northerners are Arab and

The discovery of oil added a

new dimension to the conflict.

Most of the oil wells are in

South, but the refineries and

export facilities are in the north

and the Khartoum regime has

insisted on receiving 50% of all

the oil revenues. Current

production is about 500,000

barrels a day and 98% of

Southern revenues come from oil.

Since the 2005 peace agreement,

the South has received about $10

billion in oil revenues. However, it

remains one of the least

developed and impoverished

places on earth due to decades of

neglect. After independence, will

the South continue to give the
North 50% of the oil revenues?
It remains to be seen.

However, independence for South
Sudan has wider implications for
the African continent. In my

conversation with the late

President John Garang, he
insisted on full and unfettered

local autonomy for the South,
while remaining part of the Sudan.

A charismatic, erudite and highly
intelligent man, Garang had a
populist touch and had the
ambition of governing the whole
of Sudan, not just the South.
In this regard, Garang differed
with most of the members of
the Sudanese Peoples Liberation

Army/Movement, including the
current President Salva Kiir

However, in insisting on full

local autonomy within Sudan,

Garang had the strictures of

the Organization of African

Unity (now African Union) in

mind. The rule emphasizes the

sanctity and inviolability of

borders as drawn by the

colonial powers. These African

leaders believed that secession

in one African country, will lead

to secession and irredentism in

another African country.

Hence, their inability to
support the Biafran and katanga
secessionist movements.
However, this is a new day.
In 1993, Eritrea separated from
Ethiopia, but Eritreans can
argue that they were an
independent state under the
Italians (justifiably so), until
Emperor Haile Selassie forcibly
annexed it in 1962 as a province

of Ethiopia, and so the OAU/AU
rule does not apply. Some
peoples and territories might
argue for independence

following South Sudan's example.

Somaliland, the Casmance region
of Senegal, the Cabinda enclave
of Angola, parts of the
Democratic Republic of the
Congo such as Katanga(now
called Shaba), northern Ivory
Coast(under the control of the

New Forces), the Ogaden in
Ethiopia, Southern Chad, and
Darfur region of Sudan just to
mention a few. Libyan leader
Muammar Qaddafi has called
for the dismemberment of
Nigeria based on the continuous
disharmony between the
Muslim north and Christian
south. The embers of

secession are still well, alive
and simmering amongst the

Ibos in what was formerly called
Biafra. A new organization, the
Movement for the Actualization
of the Sovereign State of
Biafra (MASSOB) is ferociously
but peacefully agitating for a
rebirth of the Republic of

However, the independence
of South Sudan has a silver
lining. It will force African
leaders to pay more attention
to the grievances and
aspirations of their citizens
who are oppressed, marginalized
and treated like slaves. African
leaders must realize that they
are the servants of their
citizens who pay their salaries
and not their masters. Those
who loose elections must step
down, and those who loot funds
must return those funds and
find a bed in prison.

Will they listen?. Time will


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