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Published on Mar 19, 2016
KEYSTONE HPSR Initiative// Module 6: Policy analysis //Session 1: Policy Approach and Frameworks This is the second video session of Module 6: Policy analysis, of the KEYSTONE Teaching and Learning Resources for Health Policy and Systems Research
Module 6: Policy analysis This module focuses on the policy analysis approach to understand who makes policy decisions (power) and how and why these decisions are made (process). As a field primarily preoccupied with understanding decision-making, contemporary policy analysis approaches place actors at the heart of systems, problematize policy content, are attentive to context, and can see implementation as a series of social relationships rather than as an obvious consequence of policymaking. Popular frameworks in the policy analysis domain encompass the interplay of ideas and interests in decision-making, theories of how actors operate as networks and groups, and models of agenda-setting, policy formulation and implementation. Key debates in policy analysis include: rational vs incremental forms of decision-making, top-down vs bottom-up approaches of implementation, and the import and significance of different forms of power.
The other modules in this series are: Module 1: Introducing Health Systems & Health Policy Module 2: Social justice, equity & gender Module 3: System complexity Module 4: Health Policy and Systems Research frameworks Module 5: Economic analysis Module 7: Realist evaluation Module 8: Systems thinking Module 9: Ethnography Module 10: Implementation research Module 11: Participatory action research Module 12: Knowledge translation Module 13: Preparing a Research Plan
KEYSTONE is a collective initiative of several Indian health policy and systems research (HPSR) organizations to strengthen national capacity in HPSR towards addressing critical needs of health systems and policy development. KEYSTONE is convened by the Public Health Foundation of India in its role as Nodal Institute of the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (AHPSR).
The inaugural KEYSTONE short course was conducted in New Delhi from 23 February – 5 March 2015. In the process of delivering the inaugural course, a suite of teaching and learning materials were developed under Creative Commons license, and are being made available as open access resources. The KEYSTONE teaching and learning resources include 38 videos and 32 slide presentations organized into 13 modules. These materials cover foundational concepts, common approaches used in HPSR, and guidance for preparing a research plan.
These resources were created and are made available through support and funding from the Alliance for Health Policy & Systems Research (AHPSR), WHO for the KEYSTONE initiative.