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Louis Spohr Zwei Duette: Frühlingslied & Das Herz

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Published on Apr 14, 2013

Louis Spohr (1784-1859): Two Lieder Duets
"Frühlingslied" WoO 117 No.3 - "Das Herz" Op.108 No.2
Felicitas Erb & Judith Erb, soprano -- Dorina Tchakarova, piano.
With kind permission of ARS Produktion . CD 38 116.
The term "Duett" as a two-voiced vocal composition is first clearly defined in 1995 in the new edition of the encyclopedia "Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart", in contrast to the instrumental "Duo". Many composers like Spohr's friends Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms, entrusted the "Lied-Duett" with an important place. Mendelssohn composed 13 two-voiced songs, Robert Schumann's complete list of works includes 37, Brahms' list contains 20 duets. With the term "Liedduo", one generally designates the collaboration of two Lied interpreters: the singer and the pianist. The term "Liedduett", however, refers to the genre of the two-part song accompanied by one or two pianists. Concerning the development of the "Liedduett" Lied research remains largely untapped: this chapter awaits a thorough scientific investigation. There are only a few written works that deal with this theme. In 1974 the American musicologist Corre Ivey W. Berry published "A Study of the Vocal Chamber Duet" through the Nineteenth Century. The dissertation "Die Liedduette Robert Schumanns" written by the South Korean musicologist and singing teacher Chae Heung Lim and approved in 2004 by the University of Bayreuth discusses the problematic nature and the history of the Lied duet in the Introduction as well as in the first and second parts of this document.
In June of the year 1849 Spohr traveled to Karlsbad (in Czech: Karlovy Vary) for medical treatment for several weeks in order to cure "a liver ailment that now and then re-occurred". Marianne Spohr reported in the 'Selbstbiographie': "Strengthened and refreshed in body and mind, he returned to Cassel, and shortly afterwards began the composition of his fifth pianoforte trio [G mi-nor, op. 142]. which was followed by three duets for two soprani, published by Peters of Leipzig, which for their sweetly expressive melodies and their ease of performance, like those which had previously appeared from the pen of Mendelssohn, soon became favorite pieces in musical circles."The first edition (1854 in Leipzig) published im Bureau de Musique von C. F. Peters announced in the title: "with English translation" adding no other information about the author. It can be assumed that the Leipzig publisher added the English translation in order to include the international market, since the Lied edition from Peters appeared concurrently with the publishers J. J. Ewer & Co in London and M. Bernard in St. Petersburg. The three Lied-Duette WoO 117 are "Kunstlieder" (art songs) as well as "Gesellschaftslieder" (domestic songs). Precisely because of their original intention and qualification as upscale "Hausmusik" they are significant examples of the artistic and social relevance in regard to the entire versatile Lied creation of this composer.
1. WoO 117 No. 3 Frühlingslied (Lent-Song). Poem by Georg Scheurlin (1802--1872) .
"Die Fenster sonnen, der Winter ist aus"; "Der Himmel äugelt aus blauem Dach"; "Die Liebe nistet in jedem Strauch": with such unusual, almost expressionistic word images the poet Georg Scheurlin creates a vibrant spring-like atmosphere. The subjects of nature and love are uniquely composed in this poem of three strophes, each with nine lines, using iambic meter and conver-sational tempo. Spohr set the poem to music with a speedy A major Allegretto in a 9/8 meter. Both sopranos playfully toss the words and thoughts back and forth, and end with a common jubilation: "O selige Liebe! O seliges Glück!"
One can well imagine that this two-voiced Lied, as well as the other two Lied-Duette from WoO 117 became "ein Lieblingsstück der musikalischen Cirkel" (trans. a favorite piece of musical circles).
2. Das Herz Op. 108 No.2. Poet unknown.
In November and December of 1838, Louis Spohr's Liedduette op. 107 and op. 108 were composed in Kassel. Peter Joseph Simrock (1792--1868), the son of Nikolaus Simrock, the founder of the publishing company, had recommended several poems to the composer for this musical genre. Documentation of how beloved these two-voiced Lieder were in the 19th century is found in Challier's Großer Duetten-Katalog containing 182 pages!
See also:
The first critical al and complete Lied Edition by Louis Spohr -- edited by Prof. Susan Owen-Leinert and Michael Leinert with the Publisher Dohr, Cologne. E.D. 29958 and E.D. 29959. - Duets.

  • Category

  • Song

  • Artist

    • Felicitas Erb
  • Album

    • Spohr: Lieder, Vol. 1
  • Licensed to YouTube by

    • NaxosofAmerica (on behalf of Ars Produktion)
  • Song

  • Artist

    • Felicitas Erb
  • Album

    • Spohr: Lieder, Vol. 1
  • Licensed to YouTube by

    • NaxosofAmerica (on behalf of Ars Produktion)

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