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Published on Mar 4, 2014
The Mathematical Harmony quilt is shown. Around 570 B.C.E. Pythagoras was thought to have been born on the island of Samos in the Aegean Sea. Pythagoras is said to have discovered the harmonic progressions in the notes of our Western music scale. The pitch of the notes correspond to the relative lengths of vibrating strings. Pythagoreans discovered that if a string would be plucked in a 1:2 ratio of string lengths, an octave is obtained. Similarly, a fifth is obtained from a 2:3 ratio, and fourth by a 3:4 ratio. The Pythagorean brotherhood believed that "all things are numbers". Music, like mathematics, has an abstract notation that is used to represent abstract structures.