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Eesti | Estonia | Viro | L'Estonie | Estland | Estonsko | Estijoje | Эстония

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Published on Feb 6, 2011

Estonia (Eesti Vabariik) - państwo położone w Europie Północno-Wschodniej nad morzem Bałtyckim, powstałe po I wojnie światowej. Członek Unii Europejskiej i NATO. Graniczy z Łotwą od południa i z Rosją od wschodu oraz z Finlandią przez Zatokę Fińską.W skład Estonii wchodzi ponad 1500 wysp i wysepek w Zatoce Ryskiej. Estończycy stanowią 68,6% ludności, Rosjanie 25,6%, Ukraińcy 2,1%, Białorusini 1,3%, Finowie 0,9%; pozostali to głównie Tatarzy, Łotysze, Żydzi, Polacy i Litwini. Od początków lat 90. spadek liczby ludności.

Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariik), is a state in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by the Russian Federation (338.6 km). Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden.The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi) and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. The Estonians are a Finnic people, and the sole official language, Estonian, is closely related to Finnish.

Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic and is divided into 15 counties. The capital and largest city is Tallinn. With a population of only 1.34 million, Estonia is one of the least-populous members of the European Union, Eurozone and NATO. Today, Estonia has the highest GDP per person of any country that used to be part of the USSR. Estonia is listed as a High-Income Economy by the World Bank and a High-income OECD member. The United Nations lists Estonia as a developed country with a Human Development Index of "Very High". The country is also ranked highly for press freedom, economic freedom, democracy and political freedom and education.

Eesti, Estonia, Viro, L'Estonie, Estland, Estonsko, Estónsko, Эстония


For Polish-Estonian friendship!

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