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Surah Al Ikhlas monotheism, English translation سورة الاخلاص وفضلها

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Uploaded on May 23, 2009

Al-Ikhlas (Arabic: سورة الإخلاص ) aka At-tawhid (سورة التوحيد) (Monotheism) is the 112th Sura of the Qur'an. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God's absolute unity, consisting of 4 ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining", meaning to remain pure and faithful or a state of purging one's soul of non-Islamic beliefs, such as paganism and polytheism.

This sura establishes the Oneness of the Creator: the doctrine of Tawhid. It says that God is without equal, without origin, without end, and unlike anything else that exists. The fourth line, "Nothing is like Him", is a fundamental statement of tanzih; God as the incomparable.
From Qutaadah ibn al-Numaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that a man stayed up to worship Allaah at the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) just before dawn and recited Qul huwa Allaahu ahad, but did not recite anything else. In the morning, the man came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and told him about this, thinking that perhaps he was not doing enough. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: By the One in Whose hand is my soul, it is equivalent to one-third of the Quraan. (al-Bukhaari, 4627).

Ahmad reported from Abu Saeed al-Khudri that a man said, O Messenger of Allaah, I have a neighbour who prays at night and he only ever recites Qul huwa Allaahu ahad as if he did not think much of this. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: By the One in Whose hand is my soul, it is equivalent to one-third of the Quraan. (al-Musnad, 10965)

Abu Saeed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to his Companions: Could any one of you not recite one third of the Quraan in one night? They found the idea too difficult, and said, Who among us could do that, O Messenger of Allaah? He said, Allaahul-ahad, al- samad [i.e., Soorat al-Ikhlaas] is one third of the Quraan. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 4628)

Aaishah reported that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went to bed, he would cup his hands together, blow into them and recite into them Qul huwa Allaahu ahad [Soorat al-Ikhlaas], Qul aoodhu bi Rabbil-falaq [Soorat al-Falaq] and Qul aoodhu bi Rabbil-naas [Soorat al-Naas] (these are the last 3 soorahs of the Quraan Translator). Then he would wipe as much of his body as he could with his hands, starting with his head and face, and the front of his body. He would do this three times. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 4630)

Aaishah also reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sent a man in charge of a small military campaign, and when he recited Quraan whilst leading his companions in prayer, he would always end with Qul huwa Allaahu ahad. When they came back, (his companions) mentioned that to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who told them to ask him why he did that. So they asked him, and he said, Because it is a description of the Most Merciful, and I love to recite it. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Tell him that Allaah loves him. (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 6827)

Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Abzaa reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to recite Sabbih isma Rabbik al-Alaa (Soorat al-Alaa, #87), Qul yaa ayyuhaal-kaafiroon (Soorat al-Kaafiroon, #109) and Qul huwa Allaahu ahad (Soorat al-Ikhlaas, #112) in his witr prayer, and when he had finished, he would repeat Subhaan al-Malik al-Quddoos (Glory be to the King, the Holy) three times, making the last vowel long on the third recitation. (Reported by al-Nisaai, 1721)

Uqbah ibn Aamir said: I met the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he said to me, O Uqbah ibn Aamir, shall I not teach you some Soorahs the like of which have not been revealed in the Tawraat (Torah) or the Zaaboor (Psalms) or the Injeel (Gospel) or in the Quraan? There is no night comes but you should not recite (i.e., every night you should recite) Qul huwa Allaahu ahad [Soorat al-Ikhlaas], Qul aoodhu bi Rabbil-falaq [Soorat al-Falaq] and Qul aoodhu bi Rabbil-naas [Soorat al-Naas]. Uqbah said: So every night I would recite them. It became my duty to recite them, because the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had commanded me to do so (Musnad Ahmad, 16810)

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) heard a man reciting Qul huwa Allaahu ahad, and said, It is his right. They asked, O Messenger of Allaah, what is his right? He said, Paradise is his right. (Reported by Imaam Ahmad, 7669)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever recites Qul huwa Allaahu ahad ten times, Allaah will build for him a house in Paradise. (Saheeh al-Jaami al-Sagheer, 6472).

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