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Published on Dec 14, 2014
The structure was built in the late 1890s under the instruction of Colonial Engineer Osbert Chadwick to extract underground water. A deep shaft was dug in the valley bed approximately down to sea level. Besides this, a system of galleries 4,600 feet long was hollowed out to collect sufficient flows of water from the fresh water reserve in the coralline limestone. The power for the steam engines was provided by coal. The pumps, at their best, were extracting about 190,000 gallons a day. When the pumping station was abandoned in the 1970s, the place was excessively vandalized.