Mareşalul Ion Antonescu part 1/3 - Romania between 1940-1944 - Documentar. translated to English





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Published on Nov 3, 2008

http://www.razbointrucuvant.ro/ Ion Victor Antonescu (2 iunie 1882,— executat 1 iunie 1946) a fost un militar şi om politic român, şeful secţiei Operaţii al Marelui Cartier General al Armatei în primul război mondial, ataşat militar la Londra şi Paris, comandant al Şcolii Superioare de Război, şef al Marelui Stat Major şi ministru de război, din 4 septembrie 1940 până în ziua de 23 august 1944 a fost prim ministru al României şi "Conducătorul Statului".

Ion Victor Antonescu (June 15, 1882 Piteşti,executed: June 1, 1946, near Jilava) was an military officer and romanian politician, head of the romanian army during First World war(World War I or The Great War), a military attache at London and Paris, chief of the entire romanian army and war minister, and the prime minister and Leader of Romania during World War II

Se spun multe lucruri despre maresalul Ion Antonescu... Unii spun ca el ar fi fost un dictator nazist feroce, cel mai sangeros din Europa dupa Hiler...
Asa a fost intr-adevar Maresalul Ion Antonescu?

Acest documentar incearca sa raspunda la aceasta intrebare.

Many things are said about Marshal Ion Antonescu. Some say he was a ferocios nazi dictator, the most bloodthirsty from Europe after Hitler...
Marshal Ion Antonescu was really like that?

This documentary tries to answer to that question.


During the repression of the 1907 peasants' revolt, he was the head of a cavalry unit in Covurlui, his tact in handling the situation earning him the praise of King Carol I, who sent Crown Prince Ferdinand to congratulate him in front of the whole garrison.

In 1913, during the Second Balkan War against Bulgaria, Antonescu served as a staff officer in the First Cavalry Division.

Following the 1913 war (which brought the Cadrilater into Romania), Antonescu received Romania's highest military decoration: The Order of Michael the Brave (Romanian: Ordinul Mihai Viteazul)

During Romania's involvement in World War I (1916-1918), Antonescu acted as chief of staff for General Constantin Prezan

Upon enemy troops crossing the mountains into the Old Kingdom, Antonescu was ordered to design a defense plan for the Romanian capital of Bucharest.The battle for the capital was lost, due to the capture by enemy troops of an officer carrying the battle plan. The Romanian royal court, army and administration were forced to retreat into Moldavia (Moldova).

In December, as Prezan became the Chief of the General Staff, Antonescu, who was by now a major, was named the head of operations, being involved in the defense of Moldavia. He contributed to the tactics used during the Battle of Mărăşeşti (July-August 1917).

The Romanian Army, instructed by the French Mission, and led by General Alexandru Averescu managed to stop the advance of the German Army headed by Field Marshal Mackensen.

Ion ANTONESCU was both observer and coordinator for the historic Battle of Mărăşti-Oituz.

However, in late 1917 the Russian revolution took place. Soviet Russia soon made peace with Germany, leaving Romania the only enemy of the Central Powers on the Eastern Front. In these conditions, the Romanian government signed, and the parliament ratified the Treaty of Bucharest, 1918 with Germany and her allies.

In 1918, Romania broke the treaty, on the grounds that the King, Ferdinand I of Romania, did not sign the treaty. Re-entering the war with a re-organized army, Romania was able to support the decisions of the National Romanian Council which ultimately result in the Union of Transylvania with Romania. Upon reaching the river Tisa, King Ferdinand took his own decoration and gave it to lieutenant-colonel Antonescu saying: "Antonescu, no one in this country knows better than the King how much they owe you."

After the war, Antonescu's merits as an operations officer were noticed by among others, Ion Duca, who wrote that "his intelligence, skill and activity, brought credit on himself and invaluable service to the country".

From 1923, he was also the Romanian attaché in London and Brussels. In Paris, Antonescu negotiated a credit worth 100 million francs in order to buy French weaponry. In London, he worked together with Nicolae Titulescu and became a personal friend of his.

After returning to Romania, he was the commander of the "Şcoala Superioară de Război" (Higher School of War) between 1927 and 1930, Chief of the General Staff between 1933 and 1934, and Defense Minister between 1937 and 1938.

General Antonescu was appointed Prime Minister by King Carol II on September 4, 1940, after Romania was forced to surrender Bessarabia and northern Bukovina to the USSR (June 28, 1940) and the northern half of Transylvania to Hungary (August 30, 1940), and three days before the Cadrilater was transferred to Bulgaria (September 7, 1940).

From then on, he is called Marshal Ion Antonescu.

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