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Uploaded on Jan 14, 2008
Los Californios: Alta California 1770-1850,was a Spanish & Mexican colonial province and Monterey was its capital. Los Californios were Spanish-speaking inhabitants of Alta California, first a part of New Spain, later of México, and then U.S South West
In 1768 a small expedition led by captain Gaspar de Portolà and Father Junípero Serra officially took possession for Spain of what is now Central California, via the establishment of El Presidio Reál de San Carlos de Monterey (the Royal Presidio of Saint Charles of Monterey) and the nearby Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo, Carmel Spanish Mission.
City of Monterey was the first capital of California, founded in 1770, when Spanish soldiers claimed the land for the king of Spain. First established by Father Junípero Serra and Gaspar de Portolà, Monterey served as the capital of California from 1777 to 1849, under the flags of Spain and México, until shortly before it became a state in 1850. Latinos/Hispanos/Mexicanos/Estadounidenses
Alta California was annexed in 1848 to the United States following the Mexican-American War.