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Published on Jan 16, 2015
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), antimicrobial pesticides are substances or mixtures of substances used to destroy or suppress the growth of harmful microorganisms on inanimate objects and surfaces. Antimicrobial products contain about 275 different active ingredients and are marketed in several formulations: sprays, liquids, concentrated powders and gases.
Approximately one billion dollars are spent each year on a variety of different types of antimicrobial products. More than 5000 antimicrobial products are registered with the EPA and sold in the marketplace and nearly 60% of these products are registered to control infectious microorganisms in hospitals and other healthcare environments.
Antimicrobial pesticides have two major uses: 1. Disinfect, sanitize, reduce or mitigate the growth or development of microbiological organisms;
2. Protect inanimate objects (for example floors and walls), industrial processes or systems, surfaces, water or other chemical substances from contamination, fouling or deterioration caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae or slime.
These uses do not include certain pesticides intended for food use; but do encompass pesticides with a wide array of other uses. For example: antimicrobial pesticides act as preserving agents in paints, metalworking fluids, wood supports and many other products to prevent their deterioration.
These antimicrobial products are divided into two categories, non-public health products and public health products. The categories are based on the type of microbial pest against which the product works. Public health products are intended to control microorganisms infectious to humans in any inanimate environment. The more commonly used public health antimicrobials include sterilizers, disinfectants, sanitizers, antiseptics and germicides.
These are just a few things to know about antimicrobial pesticides. To learn more about this or other health and safety, indoor air quality, occupational or environmental issues, please visit the websites shown in the video and below.