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Uploaded on Oct 12, 2011
The Căliman Mountains are situated in the Eastern Carpathins and cover an area of about 2000 sq.km, running east-west at 50 km. It is the youngest mountain range in Romania and the most significant volcanic massif in the Carpathians. Călimani forms the biggest crater without activity in Europe, measuring about 10 km in diameter. For centuries, the Călimani Mountains were part of the natural borderland between the Hungarian Kingdom/Principality of Transylvania and the predominantly Romanian-speaking regions of Moldavia and Bucovina. The volcanic karst found here is a unique phenomenon which can hardly be seen elsewhere in Europe. The most wonderful section of the Căliman's rim is group of bizarre rock formations called Twelve Apostles. The most interesting part of the Căliman Mountains, adorned with the highest peaks, is the huge horse-shoe - shaped caldera. The highest peak called Pietrosul, reaching 2100 m altitude, located in the central part, represents the most spectacular section of the main crater. Being part of Calimani National Park, Lake Iezer is the only lake of glacial origin. Calimani Mountains represent the most grandiose volcanic complex of Romania and the highest volcanic part of the Carpathians.