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Uploaded on Sep 28, 2010
The Greek Ptolemaic dynasty,which ruled Egypt from 305 BC to 30 BC, issued a series of decrees over the course of their reign known as Ptolemaic Decrees. The Rosetta Stone is a well-known example of one of the decrees.
The Rosetta Stone was included in the third part of a series of three decrees, the first from Ptolemy III (the Decree of Canopus), the second from Ptolemy IV (The Memphis Stele), and the third from Ptolemy V.
There are approximately two copies of the Stone of Canopus, two of the Memphis Stele (one imperfect) and two and a half copies of the text of the Rosetta Stone, including the Nubayrah Stele and a pyramid wall inscription with "edits", or scene replacements, completed by subsequent scribes.
Multiple copies of the stones were erected in multiple temple courtyards, as specified in the text of the decrees.
All Decrees have three written texts in 3 scripts: * Egyptian Hieroglyphs * Egyptian Demotic * Ancient Greek
ΕΛΛΑΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ ΑΙΓΥΠΤΟΣ ΡΟΖΕΤΑ ΣΤΗΛΗ ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΣ ROSETTA STONE STELE GREECE HELLAS MAKEDONIA MACEDONIA MAKEDON MACEDON PHILIP PHILIPPOS FILIPPOS OLYMPIAS ALEXANDROS ALEXANDER THE GREAT CLEOPATRA EGYPT ANCIENT PTOLEMY PTOLEMAIOS PTOLEMAIC DECREES NAPOLEON BONAPARTE FRANCE ENGLAND BRITISH MUSEUM