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The BB84 Protocol

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Published on Dec 23, 2009

A short video attempting to explain the Bennett & Brassard quantum cryptography protocol.

I've omitted any mention of the particular details of quantum physics that would be involved in actual real-world implementations, such as particle polarization axes, spin, and so forth, instead replacing them with abstract "processes" and freakish mysterious "machines". The physical details (interesting though they are) are not needed to understand the basics of the protocol, and I'm no physicist, so I'd probably mess them up if I tried (assuming I haven't already!).

Making these images has increased my affection for Microsoft PowerPoint, and putting them all into a video has hugely exacerbated my hatred for Windows Movie Maker.

NOTE:
An important missing piece of information: When Alice sends qubits to Bob, she chooses between process A and process B randomly for each qubit.

NOTE 2:
The following video explains BB84 as well, and gives more detail regarding the physics details:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SMcf1...

NOTE 3:
Here is another very interesting video about quantum cryptography. Any given real-world implementation, despite using the BB84 protocol, is bound to expose weaknesses that can be exploited. For example:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0WnUl...

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