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William Morris | Wikipedia audio article

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Published on Mar 26, 2019

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William...


00:03:19 1 Early life
00:03:28 1.1 Youth: 1834–1852
00:06:45 1.2 Oxford and the Birmingham Set: 1852–1856
00:11:22 1.3 Apprenticeship, the Pre-Raphaelites, and marriage: 1856–1859
00:14:31 2 Career and fame
00:14:40 2.1 Red House and the Firm: 1859–1865
00:20:09 2.2 Queen Square and iThe Earthly Paradise/i: 1865–1870
00:23:49 2.3 Kelmscott Manor and Iceland: 1870–1875
00:28:58 2.4 Textile experimentation and political embrace: 1875–1880
00:36:06 3 Later life
00:36:14 3.1 Merton Abbey and the Democratic Federation: 1881–1884
00:42:42 3.2 Socialist League: 1884–1889
00:49:10 3.3 The Kelmscott Press and Morris' final years: 1889–96
00:56:06 4 Personal life
01:00:21 5 Work
01:00:30 5.1 Literature
01:04:42 5.2 Textile design
01:08:49 5.3 Book illustration and design
01:11:20 6 Legacy
01:14:16 6.1 Notable collections and house museums
01:17:50 7 Literary works
01:18:09 7.1 Collected poetry, fiction, and essays
01:19:55 7.2 Translations
01:20:55 7.3 Published lectures and papers
01:21:25 8 Gallery
01:21:34 8.1 Morris & Co. stained glass
01:21:42 8.2 Morris & Co. textiles
01:21:49 8.3 Kelmscott Press
01:22:00 9 See also



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"I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think."
- Socrates


SUMMARY
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William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896) was a British textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, and socialist activist associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement. He was a major contributor to the revival of traditional British textile arts and methods of production. His literary contributions helped to establish the modern fantasy genre, while he played a significant role propagating the early socialist movement in Britain.
Morris was born in Walthamstow, Essex to a wealthy middle-class family. He came under the strong influence of medievalism while studying Classics at Oxford University, there joining the Birmingham Set. After university, he trained as an architect, married Jane Burden, and developed close friendships with Pre-Raphaelite artists Edward Burne-Jones and Dante Gabriel Rossetti and with Neo-Gothic architect Philip Webb. Webb and Morris designed Red House in Kent where Morris lived from 1859 to 1865, before moving to Bloomsbury, central London. In 1861, Morris founded the Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co decorative arts firm with Burne-Jones, Rossetti, Webb, and others, which became highly fashionable and much in demand. The firm profoundly influenced interior decoration throughout the Victorian period, with Morris designing tapestries, wallpaper, fabrics, furniture, and stained glass windows. In 1875, he assumed total control of the company, which was renamed Morris & Co.
Morris rented the rural retreat of Kelmscott Manor, Oxfordshire from 1871 while also retaining a main home in London. He was greatly influenced by visits to Iceland with Eiríkr Magnússon, and he produced a series of English-language translations of Icelandic Sagas. He also achieved success with the publication of his epic poems and novels, namely The Earthly Paradise (1868–1870), A Dream of John Ball (1888), the Utopian News from Nowhere (1890), and the fantasy romance The Well at the World's End (1896). In 1877, he founded the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings to campaign against the damage caused by architectural restoration. He embraced Marxism and was influenced by anarchism in the 1880s and became a committed revolutionary socialist activist. He founded the Socialist League in 1884 after an involvement in the Social Democratic Federation (SDF), but he broke with that organization in 1890. In 1891, he founded the Kelmscott Press to publish limited-edition, illuminated-style print books, a cause to which he devoted his final years.
Morris is recognised as one of the most significant cultural figures of Victoria ...

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