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3rd Battle of Panipat || in Hindi || panipat ka yudh || indian wars history || Rare Facts

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Published on Feb 2, 2018

पानीपत का तीसरा युद्ध: 18वीं शताब्दी की सबसे विनाशक लड़ाई


indian historical wars

The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 14 January 1761 at Panipat , about 60 miles (97 km) north of
Delhi, between a northern expeditionary force of the
Maratha Empire and invading forces of the King of Afghanistan , Ahmad Shah Abdali , supported by two Indian allies—the Rohilla Afghans of the Doab , and
Shuja-ud-Daula , the Nawab of Awadh . Militarily, the battle pitted the artillery and cavalry of the Marathas against the heavy cavalry and mounted artillery ( zamburak and jezail ) of the Afghans and Rohillas led by Abdali and Najib-ud-Daulah , both ethnic
Afghans . The battle is considered one of the largest and most eventful fought in the 18th century, [5]
[ page needed ] and has perhaps the largest number of fatalities in a single day reported in a classic formation battle between two armies.

In the final phase the Marathas, under Scindia, attacked Najib. Najib successfully fought a defensive action, however, keeping Scindia's forces at bay. By noon it looked as though Bhau would clinch victory for the Marathas once again. The Afghan left flank still held its own, but the centre was cut in two and the right was almost destroyed. Ahmad Shah had watched the fortunes of the battle from his tent, guarded by the still unbroken forces on his left. He sent his bodyguards to call up his 15,000 reserve troops from his camp and arranged them as a column in front of his cavalry of musketeers ( Qizilbash ) and 2,000 swivel-mounted shutarnaals or Ushtranaal—cannons—on the backs of camels

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