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Maurits Cornelis Escher 莫里斯·科內利斯·埃舍爾 (1898-1972) Surrealism Op Art Dutch

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Published on Jul 24, 2017

tonykwk39@gmail.com
Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many web sites on the internet.
He is most famous for his so-called impossible constructions, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles.
But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and traveled in Italy.
Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II.
M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches. Like some of his famous predecessors, - Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein-, M.C. Escher was left-handed.
Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books, designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born in Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5 years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem.
After only one week, he informed his father that he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue with graphic arts.
After finishing school, he traveled extensively through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935. During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would make when he returned home.
any of these sketches he would later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and wood engravings, for example the background in the lithograph Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in 1932.
.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen century Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.
During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.
He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another hobby, carving beech wood spheres.
He played with architecture, perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and the expressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.
莫里斯·科內利斯·埃舍爾(1898-1972)是世界上最著名的圖形藝術家之一。他的藝術是由數以百萬計的人在世界各地享受,因為可以在互聯網上的許多網站可以看到。
他是最有名的,他所謂的不可能的結構,例如升序和降序,相對論,他的轉型打印,如我變態,變態II和III變態,天空和水I或爬行動物。
但他也時他住在意大利遊歷時作出一些精彩的,更現實的工作。
Castrovalva例如,其中一個已經可以看到埃舍爾的高低,在附近和遠處的魅力。石版畫Atrani的,在阿馬爾菲海岸的一個小鎮,在1931年提出,但回來例如,在他的代表作蛻變I和II。
M.C.埃舍爾,他的一生中,取得448版畫,木版畫和木版畫和超過2000圖紙和草圖。像一些他的著名前輩的 - 米開朗基羅,達芬奇,丟勒和Holbein-,M.C.埃舍爾是左撇子。
除了是一個圖形藝術家,M.C.埃舍爾插圖的書,設計掛毯,郵票和壁畫。他出生在呂伐登,荷蘭,土木工程師的第四個和最小的兒子。 5年後,全家搬到了阿納姆其中埃舍爾度過了自己大部分的青春。沒有他的高中考試後,Maurits的最終被錄取在哈萊姆學校建築和裝飾藝術。
僅一周後,他告訴他的父親,他寧願研究,而不是架構的圖形藝術,因為他已經表明他的繪畫和油氈削減他的平面老師塞繆爾·傑瑟蘭·代·梅斯基塔,誰鼓勵他繼續與圖形藝術。
完成學業後,他通過意大利,在那裡他遇到了他的妻子捷達Umiker,他在1924年結婚,他們在羅馬,他們在那裡一直呆到1935年。在這11年中結算,埃舍爾將每年旅行整個意大利,繪畫和遍遊素描的各種印刷品,當他回到家裡,他會做。
這些草圖後來他會用其他各種版畫和/或木刻和木版畫,例如在版畫瀑布從他的意大利期間莖,或反映了木刻水坑樹,這是埃舍爾使用相同的樹木背景在他的木刻“卡爾維的Pineta酒店”,這是他在1932年提出。
.C。埃舍爾成為由平面的常規司迷住了,當他第一次在1922年參觀了阿罕布拉,格拉納達十四世紀的摩爾城堡,西班牙。
在瑞士和整個第二次世界大戰以來,他大力推行他的愛好,通過繪製總數的137普通科圖紙,他會在他一生的62。
他會延長他的激情的飛機經常司,利用一些他的素描為基礎的對另一個愛好,雕刻櫸木球。
他使用了與架構,透視和不可能的空間。他的藝術繼續驚奇和懷疑數百萬人在世界各地。在他的工作中,我們認識到他周圍的世界的敏銳觀察和他自己的幻想的表情。 M.C.埃舍爾告訴我們,現實情況是奇妙的,可理解的,引人入勝。

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