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Published on Mar 1, 2017
ANCIENT ROME 4: From the Republic to the Roman Empire - Sulla, Pompey, Julius Caesar and Octavian
From year 100 a.C. A multitude of different wars shook the Roman Republic and propitiated its fall. The first of these was the Social War, a conflict between the Romans and the Italics in search of their citizenship and other rights lost years before. As soon as it was solved, the first Mithridic War arrived, against the king of Ponto Mitrídates VI and his Armenian ally for the control of Asia Minor; And the 1st Roman Civil War, between the optimates of Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix and the popular ones of Gaius Marius and Sulpicius Rufus.
Everything ended the tyranny of Lucius Cornelius Cinna first and the dictatorship of Sulla later. In the end, these autocratic regimes eventually reestablished weak democracy, but the wars continued. The 2nd and 3rd Mithridic Wars, the War of Sertorius or the War of Spartacus put the old officers of Sila: Cneo Pompey, Marcus Licinius Crassus, Lucius Licinius Lucullus and Quintus Cecilius Metellus Pius.
The one that acquired more popularity was Pompeyo, and next to Crassus and a politician in so called called Julius Caesar formed a first triumvirate to influence in the politics of years 50 of century I a.C. Caesar left for Gallia for almost a decade, where he conquered much territory. Pompey, seeing that his popularity was eclipsing, began to bump his way back, and the Civil War broke out, which ended with Julius Caesar taking the absolute power of Rome.
But this power would not last long, for in 44 BC. Was assassinated by old allies of Pompey. Caesar's right hand, Mark Antony, began a Civil War against these murderers, and was joined by Caesar's adopted son Octavian. The 4th and last Roman Civil War would be a war between these two characters. The conflict would end the fall of the Roman Republic and the beginning of the Roman Empire.